There are now scales for assessing pain in patients too demented to communicate. They rely on observation of behaviour over at least 5 minutes.
- PAINAD (Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia)
- OPBAI (Observational Pain Behaviour Assessment Instrument)
- PADE (Pain Assessment in the Dementing Elderly – a caregiver tool)
- Pain Assessment Instrument in Non-Communicative Elderly – similar caregiver tool.