(From the BMJ Learning module)
Legally, there are six types of discrimination:
1. Direct discrimination: Because of a protected characteristic, a person is treated less favourably.
2. Indirect discrimination: A rule is applied across the board, but has more impact on people with a protected characteristic than on others.
3. Victimisation: A person is treated less favourably as a result of bringing/intending to bring a claim of discrimination, or of supporting another persson in such a claim.
4. Harassment: Conduct related to a protected characteristic that creates a hostile environment.
5. Failure to make reasonable adjustments: Pretty self-explanatory, but note that there is no legal definition of what counts as a ‘reasonable’ adjustment; the employer can weigh up the costs and benefits.
6. Discrimination arising from disability: Unfavourable treatment as a result of something that is a consequence of a person’s disability, where that treatment is not a proportionate way of achieving a legitimate aim.
(The above are summaries, not word-for-word quotations.)